Water, sanitation and hygiene

Our 2017 to 2020 goal: Long-lasting access to and use of safe WASH facilities for 35,000 people

Global challenge

Every year two million people die because of unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene. Children and young people living in rural communities are particularly affected. Access to safe water and sanitation is essential to the realisation of all other human rights. But nearly a third of the world’s population lack access to adequate sanitation and roughly 660 million do not have access to safe water. Solving this problem, coupled with good hygiene practice, is crucial to reducing disease and poverty.

Challenge in Tanzania

Less than half the population have access to safe drinking water and as little as 16% have access to adequate sanitation facilities. Awareness of the importance of  hygiene practices is limited. School children are particularly exposed to the effects of unsafe water, hygiene and sanitation, with 84% of schools lacking functional hand washing facilities and only 1% providing their pupils with soap.

Raleigh Tanzania focuses on working in rural, harder to reach communities where the level of need is more pronounced. Our programmes reflect the fact that women, girls and young people are disproportionally affected, as they carry out most of the unpaid labour associated with WASH in households and communities. This has a huge impact on their health, education and ability to earn money. A key focus of our work focuses on schools and their communities.


Youth-led Sanitation & Hygiene (YoSSH)

Raleigh Tanzania works in the regions of Morogoro and Dodoma to deliver the YoSSH project alongside the district councils of Kilombero, Mvomero and Kongwa. We work to improve sanitation and hygiene behaviours in primary schools using UNICEF’s SWASH methodology.

Raleigh’s SWASH approach is appropriate to the context in Tanzania. As well as keeping pupils safer from water and faeces-borne diseases, safe school sanitation and hygiene improves cognitive function and attention, reduces days missed from school, enables more time to be spent learning and increases children’s dignity and safety. Where sufficient resource has been made available for SWASH, UNICEF has reported increased attendance as well as significantly higher exam pass rates; this is attributed to improved sanitation and fewer illnesses among pupils. Our recent experience of implementing this methodology underpin this project’s outcomes to promote positive sanitation and hygiene behaviour change and governance in primary schools.

Since our work began in Tanzania we have developed sanitation infrastructure in over 38 schools, supporting children to establish SWASH clubs to maintain sanitation facilities and champion effective hygiene practices. In 2016 95% of community beneficiaries reported that they had noticed an increased understanding of positive health and hygiene practices amongst children involved in SWASH clubs and their families.

The infrastructure element of this project includes supporting each school to meet the full specification as prescribed by the Government of Tanzania’s National School WASH Guidelines. In each school, separate sanitations bocks are constructed for boys, girls and teachers, ensuring the necessary pupil: drophole ratio is achieved. Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) rooms are included, and all blocks are fully accessible for young people with disabilities. MHM rooms ensure girls have private washrooms allowing them privacy and dignity. The blocks include handwashing facilities, which are furnished with supplies of basic items such as soap to support healthy hygiene behaviours, i.e. handwashing at critical times. Latrine construction benefits primary pupils of all ages, particularly girls aged 10 and over for whom separate washrooms and latrines are essential for menstrual hygiene management as they enter puberty. Separate latrines for teachers (one for males and one for females) are also included.

To ensure sustainability of the facilities for generations to come, Raleigh work to build the capacity of School Management Committees (SMCs) so that they can develop and implement new Operations & Management (O&M) plans to govern the maintenance of school sanitation facilities. The SMCs are linked with other stakeholders such as parents, Village Executive Officers, Village Chairs, Health Teachers and SWASH Coordinators to create a better skilled and informed network for sanitation and hygiene in the local community.

Baseline studies and formative research is conducted at project inception, enabling staff and volunteers to ascertain specific requirements for sanitation block construction, to gain insight into levels of WASH knowledge, develop culturally appropriate methodologies for encouraging WASH-related behaviour change and provide the foundation for ongoing monitoring and longer-term evaluation.

Youth for Positive Hygiene Behaviour (Y4PHB)

Youth for Positive Hygiene Behaviour (Y4PHB) is a six-month project funded by UKAID that aims at mobilising over 2500 volunteers aged 15-35 to develop and lead positive hygiene behaviours campaigns which will reach more young people through peer-to-peer training, streets, markets, bus stands and other related areas in Dodoma City Council, Iringa, Morogoro and Dar es salaam towards promoting Positive hygiene behaviour to the community. Working to achieve this we have recruited and trained 28 Youth campaign Champions (7 from each region) and 120 Youth Hygiene Influencers (30 each region) on Water Sanitation and Hygiene using Raleigh Tanzania WASH toolkit.

In implementing Youth for Positive Hygiene Behaviour ‘Kijana Ni Usafi Campaign” was generated to motivate young people to take good hygiene practices such as handwashing, safe water management, waste management and general personal hygiene and encourage positive hygiene behaviour among young people in Tanzania. The campaign targets young women and men aged 15-35 years. To effectively attain the objectives of the ‘Kijana Ni Usafi’ campaign. Raleigh Tanzania has selected and equipped over 2500 youth hygiene influencers from the said regions with hygiene education for the group to influence peers in their communities.

The Kijana Ni Usafi campaign is designed to respond to the specific hygiene needs of each region. In Dar es Salaam, for example, the campaign focuses on influencing young people to take action for proper waste management. The specific campaign for Dar es Salaam is dubbed “Vunja Urafiki na Uchafu; Acha Mazoea” which means “Abandon Friendship with Dirty; Stop the Habits.” This is because Dar es Salaam is one of the regions that face a serious waste management problem.

In Iringa there is a little twist, the campaign focuses on waste management, but their approach is to turn wastes into a business opportunity. The campaign in Iringa is named “Taka ni Mchongo; Kamata Utajiri” which means “Waste is Business Opportunity, Grab It.”

In Dodoma, the focus of the campaign is on personal hygiene for youth where the group is encouraged to take action for their personal hygiene. The campaign is named “Uchafu Sio Dili, Ng’aa Kijanja” which translates to “Dirt isn’t a Deal, Look Smart.

In Morogoro, the main focus of the campaign is to promote safe water management practices in the communities. The rationale is that the region has been affected by waterborne diseases such as typhoid, diarrhoea and cholera outbreak from time to time. The communities are affected due to the tendency of using untreated water. The campaign dubbed “Tumia Maji Salama, Okoa Mkwanja” meaning “Use Safe Water, Save Money” is expected to influence the use of treated water among youth in the region.

Kijana Ni Usafi campaign

‘Kijana Ni Usafi’ campaign targets young people because youth form a larger number of populations in Tanzania and also be the agent of long-term changes in the society if properly equipped with the necessary knowledge on issues affecting their communities including hygiene.

“Young people of Tanzania need to be equipped with knowledge on various issues to be able to contribute to the development of their country. Raleigh Tanzania has been working to equip youth with various skills including entrepreneurship skills. With this campaign, we are focusing on educating youth on hygiene for them to be able to master their environment.” Said Mr Augustino.

Mr. Augustino also said that young people are the champions of the development agenda in Tanzania as per the 2025 Tanzania’s Development Vision and 2030 Global Sustainable Development Goals. Mr Augustino insisted that educating young people on hygiene behaviours is very important in creating a sustainable future for any community.

“The content of this campaign aligns with Tanzania Development Vision 2025 and Agenda 2030 (Global Sustainable Development Goals) because it is preparing young people to be not only aware but also caretakers of themselves and their environments. This is very important because if, the people who are responsible to nurture the future of our nation and our world are not responsible for their personal hygiene and the wellbeing of their surroundings it is likely that we are creating an undesirable future.” Said (Mr. Augustino)

“We [Raleigh Tanzania] believe that this campaign will supplement the existing movements aimed at empowering young people on various issues. I call upon all Tanzanian youth to embrace the knowledge that they will acquire through this campaign and make use of the knowledge in impacting their communities.” Mr.Augustino concluded.

To join the movement and learn more about hygiene, kindly follow our #KijanaNiUsafi in all of our social media platforms Facebook, Instagram and Twitter.

Also, you can read our WASH toolkit and gain more knowledge here!